Istorijat
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Istorija advokature u Bosni i Hercegovini PDF Printaj E-mail

Advokatura u Bosni i Hercegovini ima tradiciju dužu od 120 godina -  prvi pisani Zakon o advokaturi  donijela je Austro-ugarska 1883 godine / Advokaten ordnung /. Ovaj datum danas se slavi kao početak samostalne i neovisne advokature u BIH. „Advokatskim  redom“ kako se nazivao zakon,  utemeljen je jedinstven sistem i sloboda bavljenja advokaturom. Advokati su dio pravosuđa, a vlasti nisu mogle odbiti  molbu podnositelja, ako je ispunjavao uslove za bavljenje advokaturom.

Drugi Zakon o advokaturi  je donesen 1909 godine i njime su osnovane advokatske komore u Sarajevu, Ljubljani, Splitu i Dubrovniku.Ovim Zakonom je advokatura institucionalizovana – dobila je Advokatsku komoru, svoje organe a vodio se i Imenik advokata, i ako i dalje advokate imenuje upravna vlast.

1929 godine donešen je novi Zakon o advokatima kojim se izjednačuje položaj advokata u Kraljevini Jugoslaviji. Iste godine Ministar pravde donosi Uredbu kojom se osnivaju Advokatske komore u : Beogradu, Podgorici, Skoplju i Zagrebu a komore u Sarajevu, Novom Sadu, Ljubljani i Splitu su nastavile sa radom.Ovaj Zakon urađen je po tadašnjim evropskim standardima, pa je advokat imao slobodu govora i potpuni imunitet.

Tada je prvi put ženama dozvoljeno da se bave advokaturom - dakle svaka osoba koja ispunjava zakonske uslove imala je pravo biti upisana u Imenik advokata, bez odobrenja državnih vlasti.

U periodu komunističkog režima krajem 1946 godine donesen je novi Zakon o advokaturi, kojim su  Advokatske komore  stavljene pod nadzor Ministarstva pravde. 1957 godine donosi se novi Zakon o advokaturi i advokatura je postavljena kao javna služba sa pravom da, pored zastupanja građana, zastupa radne organizacije i ustanove.
Prvi Zakon o advokaturi Bosne i Hercegovine je donesen 1971 godine a 1974 godine se pokreće časopis „Advokatura“. 

 
Posljednji update ( Srijeda, 04 Maj 2005 )
History of legal profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina (English) PDF Printaj E-mail

The legal profession in Bosnia and Herzegovina has a tradition longer than 120 years – the first written Law on the legal profession was passed in 1883 by Austro-Hungarian goverment /Advokaten ordnung/.

This event is today celebrated as the beginning of an independent and autonomous legal profession. The so-called law  -'Attorneys order'  established a unique system and provided freedom to become an attorney-at-law.  The attorneys are the part of judicature and the goverment could not reject the applications of the candidates who met the necessary requirements.

The second Law on the legal profession was passed in 1909, by which the autonomous bar associations were constituted in Sarajevo, Ljubljana, Split and Dubrovnik. By this law, the legal profession was institutionalized – the Bar association was constituted together with its bodies, the Register of attorneys was run and maintained but the attorneys were still appoined by the Government.

In the 1929 the new Law of Attorneys (Zakon o advokatima) was passed which equalized the status of all attorneys in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In the same year the Minister of Justice made a special decree in order to establish the bar associations in Belgrade, Podgorica, Skoplje and Zegreb while the bar associations in Sarajevo, Novi Sad, Ljubljana and Split continued with their work. This Law was made in accordance with the existing European standards, so an attorney had a freedom of speech and a complete immunity.
By this law, women were, for the first time allowed to become attorneys-at-law – therefore every person who fulfills the legal requirements has a right to be enrolled in the Register of attorneys, without further confirmation by the state authorities.
In the period of the communist regime – at the end of 1946, the new Law on legal profession was passed by which the Bar associations were placed under supervision of the Ministry of Justice.

In 1957 the new Law on the legal profession was passed and legal profession was determined as a public service with the aim to represent the organizatons and institutions as well as individuals.
The first Law on legal profession of Bosnia and Herzegovina was passed in 1971, and in 1974 the journal 'Legal profession' was launched.
 
Posljednji update ( Srijeda, 04 Maj 2005 )